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A Realist : Anton Chekhov

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (January 29, 1860 - July 15, 1904), who is the Russian play and short story writer, Chekhov, is considered among the greatest writers in history in the short story field. Chekhov, who produced 4 classic works as a playwright, is also known as one of the 3 creative people of early modernism. Chekhov worked as a doctor in most of his literary career. Chekhov has an impact on the realism of his works, which is the effect of what he lived and saw during his work. Chekhov originally wrote articles only for financial gain, but as his artistic ambitions grew, he made formal innovations that affected the evolution of the modern short story. Daily short, funny sketches of modern Russian life under pseudonyms such as "Antoşa Çehonte" and "Dalasiz Adam" to support his family and pay the tuition fees. and wrote vignettes.

With his extraordinary output, he gradually gained a reputation as a satirical historian of Russian street life, writing in 1882 for Osolki (Fagmans), owned by Nikolai Leykin, one of the leading publishers of that time. Chekhov's tone at this stage was heavier than those known for his mature fiction. In 1886, he received an offer to write for Novoye Vremya (the new time), one of the popular newspapers in saint Petersburg, both owned and edited by millionaire capitalist Alexey Suvorin; Chekhov would charge twice as much as Leykin per line and write three times. Soon, in addition to popular interest, Chekhov's literature was beginning to attract interest. Sixty-four-year-old Dmitri Grigorovic, a famous Russian writer at the time, wrote to Chekhov after reading Chekhov's short story "The Hunter": "you have a real talent, this talent keeps you in the front row among the next generation of writers. "He also advised Chekhov to slow down, write little, and focus on literary quality. Chekhov responded to the letter, saying that the letter hit him "like lightning", and "I was writing my stories like reporters penning notes about fires-mechanically, semi-consciously, with no regard for the reader or myself." He made the confession. Grigorovic's advice nevertheless inspired the twenty-six-year-old writer with a more serious, artistic passion. Chekhov won the Pushkin prize for "best literary product of high artistic value" in 1888 for his short story collection at dusk (V Sumerkakh) with a small torpedo by Grigorovic."Remove everything that is not related to the story. If you say a rifle is hanging on the wall in the first section, that weapon should explode in the second or third section. If it is not going to fire, it should not hang there." Stating that his words should not be included in the stories unnecessary details, Chekhov himself followed this rule in his stories. Chekhov, who died at the age of 44 from tuberculosis, continued to write realist works until his death.

Buried in his cemetery, Chekhov is still considered one of the greatest writers of Russian literature today.

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